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  Home > Courses, Tutorials&eBooks > HTML Tutorial > About HTML
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HTML Tutorial - About HTML

Page 1 of 3
  What is HTML?


HTML is an acronym for Hypertext Markup Language.

HTML is the language of web pages. It is the basis of the World Wide Web. It helps one in creating, and designing a web page. But to be honest this answer is not complete. To have a better understanding; HTML can be broken down into the following components:


Hypertext is a word or phrase which acts as a link to another document or file. When that word is typed, one can jump from one file to another. It is just like jumping from one page in a book to another.

Markup Language

Markup Language enables the styling or designing of the text in the line. Applying some specific codes to it can do the styling of the text or a line. It is done to make the text look attractive. These codes are known as"Markups"and a collection of them is a"Markup Language".

Example:This text can also be written in a different way.

This text can also be written in a different way.


  What are the Uses of HTML?
  The uses of HTML lie in-
  • Developing"Web Pages"
  • Attractively displaying Information on a web page
  • Adding links in a web page through the Hypertext feature
  • Arranging all the information sequentially with links
  Document Structure


HTML documents are structured into various tags. Every document has four tags. These tags are:


<HTML>tag is put at the beginning and end of any document. Everything in the document
goes inside the<HTML>tag.


The<HEAD>tag contains general information about the document. It lies just below the <HTML>tag. It is like the cover page of a document containing general information about it.


The title of a document is specified by the<TITLE>tag. It is placed between the<HEAD>tags. Each document can have only one title.


The<BODY>tag contains the contents of the document. All the text, headers, tables, headings, paragraph, etc go into this tag.


  Writing the First HTML Document


HTML files are simple text files. To start writing in HTML, a simple text editor is needed.
A basic HTML document is written with the four tags given above.

An HTML file is saved with the extension‘.html'; for example“mypage.html”.

Given below is an example which illustrates an HTML document:



<title>My bag of jokes</title>



Hello, This is my jokes website. Now you will read some rib-tickling jokes.



This is how the web page looks:

To view this HTML file the following steps have to be followed:

  • The program has to be saved as joke1.html.
  • Internet Explorer or any other web browser has to be opened.
  • In the address bar (where web address is written) the location (which contains
    a name and an extension) of the file just saved has to be typed (e.g. c:\joke1.html).
  • The enter key has to be pressed to see the web page.


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