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CSS Tutorial - Index
CSS Tutorial - Introduction to CSS
CSS Tutorial - Basic CSS Concepts
CSS Tutorial - Linking Style Sheets
CSS Tutorial - Text Formatting
CSS Tutorial - Backgrounds
CSS Tutorial - Fonts
CSS Tutorial - Borders
CSS Tutorial - Margins and Padding
CSS Tutorial - Lists
CSS Tutorial - Dimensions
CSS Tutorial - Display and Positioning
CSS Tutorial - Pseudo Classes and Elements
CSS Tutorial - W3 Standards,Validation of Style
     

 
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  Home > Courses, Tutorials & eBooks > CSS Tutorial > Working with Fonts
 

CSS Tutorial - Working with Fonts

                                                                                                                 Page 2 of 2
 

Font-Weight

  • The CSS font-weight property allows you to control the boldness of the font.
  • Font-weight property lets you set how thick or thin the characters in the text should be displayed.
  • It can have the values- normal, bold, bolder, lighter or you can set it to 100,200,300,400,- - - - - 900.
      normal- This defines normal characters.
      bold-This defines thick characters.
      bolder / lighter- This selects the next higher or lower value that are relative to the weight inherited from the parent.
      100 to 900 defines characters from thin to thick .400 is synonymous with 400 and 700 is synonymous with bold.

Example

 

p { font-weight : 700;}

                    Font-weight is 700

                    p { font-weight : lighter;}

                    Font-weight is lighter

 

Font-Variant

  • The CSS font-variant property allows you to display text in a small-caps font.
  • It implies that all the lowercase letters are converted to uppercase letters but all the letters in the small-caps font have a smaller font-size compared to the rest of the text.
  • It can have the values- normal or small-caps.
      Normal enables the browser to display a normal font.
      Small-caps enables the browser to display a small-caps font.
  • The default value is normal.

Example

 

             p { font - variant : small-caps;}

Incorporating  sound  and  motion into a  web  page  can  make  them  look  more  life - like.

                p { font - variant : normal;}

Incorporating sound and motion into a web page can make them look more life like.      

 

 
Note
Every font does not support CSS font-variant property
 

Font-Stretch

  • The CSS font-stretch property condenses or expands the current font family.

  • It can have the values- Normal, Absolute or Relative keyword values.

  • Normal sets the scale of condensation or expansion to normal.
  • Absolute keyword values consist of - wider and narrower.
    Wider or narrower values set the scale of expansion to the next expanded value above the inherited value, or condensation to the next condensed value below the inherited value. It does not increase above 'ultra expanded' and does not decrease below 'ultra condensed'.
  • Relative keyword values consist of- ultra-condensed, extra-condensed, condensed, semi-condensed, semi-expanded, expanded, extra-expanded, and ultra-expanded.
    The relative keyword values indicate a scale of condensation or expansion of the current font-family.
  • Ultra-condensed is the narrowest value and ultra-expanded is the widest value.

  • The default value of font-stretch property is normal.    

Example

 

p { font-stretch : ultra-expanded;}

                    T  h  i  s  t e x t  i s  u l t r a - e x p a n d e d.

 

 
 
Summary
 

In this chapter you have learnt:

  • Prioritizing font-family names
  • Changing size of the text by specifying font-size
  • Specifying the boldness through font-weight property
  • Expansion of the font with font-stretch property
 
Review Questions
 

Fill in the Blanks

  1. _____ property allows you to manipulate the size of the text.
  2. Font-size property has values _____ and _____.
  3. _____ property defines the style of the font.
Solutions
  1. Font-size
  2. Relative, absolute
  3. Font-style

State whether True or False

  1. Font-size property allows manipulation of the text boldness
  2. By default, text appears with a font size of medium
  3. Small-caps value of the font variant property displays text in upper case
Solutions
  1. False
  2. True
  3. True
Exercise
Apply different font styles on text.
Solution
 

 
What's Next

The next chapter will familiarize you with the basic concepts of styling borders. It will further let you know about other styles, colors and widths for borders and also corresponding to different edges.

               Hop over to the next chapter to get a close-up of border style.

 

                                

 

 
     
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